Latin America

This page includes a list of national statistics, and resources for each nation. There is a lot of good information, so you'll have to scroll down for it.

LATIN AMERICA: NATIONAL STATISTICS

This is a list of nations in Latin America. They are listed according 2050 population size. The nations hightlighted in blue are nations belonging to the G8 or G20.

1 - Brazil G-20 (South America)

Population: 2000/174,174,000 - 2050/218,512,000 (8 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 91.4, Evangelical 26.3%
Fertility Rate: 2000/2.25 - 2050/1.75
Median Age: 2000/25.3 - 2050/45.6

2 - Mexico G-20 (Central America)

Population - 2000/99,531,000 - 2050/128,964,000 - grow m (13 nation in population)
Christian 95%, Evangelical 8.3%
Fertility Rate: 2000/2.4 - 2050/1.85
Median Age: 2000/23.4 - 2050/43.9

3 - Colombia (South America)

Population: 2000/39,773,000 - 2050/62,877,000 (30 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 94.4%, Evangelical 7.5%
Fertiltiy Rate: 2000/2.55 - 2050/1.85
Median Age: 2000/23.8 - 2050/39

4 - Argentina G-20 (South America)

Population: 2000/36,939,000 - 2050/50,943,000 (36 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 90.6%, Evangelical 9.4%
Fertility Rate: 2000/2.35 - 2050/1.85
Median Age: 2000/28.1 - 2050/40.4

5 - Venezuela (South America)

Population - 2000/24,408,000 - 2050/42,042,000 (48 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 84.5%, Evangelical 15.5%
Fertility Rate: 2000/2.72 - 2050/1.85
Median Age: 2000/23.3 - 2050/38.3

6 - Peru (South America)

Population: 2000/26,004,000 - 2050/39,776,000 (50 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 95.5%, Evangelical 11.6%
Fertility Rate: 2000/2.8 - 2050/1.8
Median Age: 2000/22.9  - 2050/39.2

7 - Guatemala (Central America)

Population: 2000/11,231,000 - 2050/27,480,000 (62 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 96.6%, Evangelical 24.4%
Fertility Rate: 2000/4.6 - 2050/1.85
Median Age: 2000/17.7  - 2050/32

8 - Chile (South America)

Population: 2000/15,419,000 - 2050/20,657,000 (72 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 87.2%, Evangelical 18.4%
Fertility Rate: 2000/2 - 2050/1.85
Median Age: 2000/28.8  - 2050/43.1

9 - Ecuador (South America)

Population: 2000/12,310,000 - 2050/17,989,000 (73 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 94.5%, Evangelical 8.5%
Median Age: 2000/22.7 - 2050/39.1

10 - Bolivia (South America)

Population: 2000/8,317,000 - 2050/14,908,000 (78 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 91%, Evangelical 16.2%
Median Age: 2000/20.1 - 2050/35.9

11 - Honduras (Central America)

Population: 2000/6,230,000 - 2050/12,402,000 (85 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 96.6%, Evangelical 23%
Median Age: 2000/18.4 - 2050/36.1

12 - Paraguay (South America)

Population: 2000/5,350,000 - 2050/9,867,000 (98 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 96.3%, Evangelical 6.1%
Median Age: 2000/20.4 - 2050/35.6

13 - Nicaragua (Cental America)

Population: 2000/5,101,000 - 2050/8,143,000 (109 naiton in 2050 population)
Christian 97.7%, Evangelical 29.8%
Median Age: 2000/18.8 - 2050/37.2

14 - El Salvador (Central America)

Population - 2000/5,945,000 - 2050/7,882,000 (110 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 94.6%,  Evangelical 31.7%
Fertility Rate: 2000/2.6 - 2050/1.85
Median Age: 2000/21.6 - 2050/37.6

15 - Costa Rica (Central America)

Population: 2000/3,931,000 - 2050/6,373,000 (116 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 93.9%, Evangelical 14.8%
Fertility Rate: 2000/2.28 - 2050/1.85
Median Age: 2000/24.5 - 2050/41.9

16 - Panama (Central America)

Population: 2000/2,951,000 - 2050/5,092,000 (126 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 90.5%, Evangelical 19.3%
Fertility Rate: 2000/2.7 - 2050/1.85
Median Age: 2000/24.8 - 2050/38.6

17 - Uruguay (South America)

Population: 2000/3,321,000 -  2050/3,637,000 (132 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 64.7%, Evangelical 6.2%
Fertility Rate: 2000/2.2 - 2050/1.85
Median Age: 2000/31.6 - 2050/42.5

18 - Suriname Island (South America)

Population: 2000/467,000 -  2050/619,000 (167 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 49.6%, Evangelical 13.8%
Fertility Rate: 2000/2.6 - 2050/1.85
Median Age: 2000/25.7 - 2050/39.7

19 - Guyana Island (South America)

Population: 2000/756,000 - 2050/558,000 (169 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 52.7%,  Evangelical 19.8%
Fertility Rate: 2000/2.43 - 2050/1.85
Median Age: 2000/24 - 2050/41.9

20 - Belize (Central America)

Population: 2000/252,000 - 2050/506,000 (170 nation in 2050 population)
Christian 83.9%, Evangelical 18.8%
Fertility Rate: 2000/3.35 - 2050/1.85
Median Age: 2000/19.2 - 2050/37.4

1 - BRAZIL G20 (Latin America, South America)

Population: 2000/174,174,000 - 2050/218,512,000 - grow m (8 nation in population)
Population Growth Rate - 2000/1.32 - 2050/-0.13
Life expectancy: 70 years (men), 77 years (women) (UN)
GNI per capita: US $8,040 (World Bank, 2009)

Brazil is South America's most influential country, an economic giant and one of the world's biggest democracies. But like some of its South American neighbours, it has a history of economic boom and bust and its development has been hampered by high inflation and foreign debt. The exploitation of the Amazon rainforest, much of which is in Brazil, has become a major worry. There is a wide gap between rich and poor. Much of the arable land is controlled by a handful of wealthy families, a situation which the Movement of Landless Rural Workers (MST) seeks to redress by demanding land redistribution. It uses direct protest action and land occupation in its quest. Social conditions can be harsh in the big cities of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, where a third of the population lives in favelas, or slums. Brazil's natural resources, particularly iron ore, are highly prized by major manufacturing nations, including China. Thanks to the development of offshore fields, the nation has become self-sufficient in oil, ending decades of dependence on foreign producers.

Brazil - Google Directory

Brazil - Wikipedia

Brazil - CIA World Factbook

Bazil - U.S. State Department

Brazil - Information Please

Bazil - Google Images

Brazil - Geographia

Brazil - Google News

Brazil - BBC Country Profile

2 - MEXICO G20 (Latin America, Central America)

Population - 2000/99,531,000 - 2050/128,964,000 - grow m (13 nation in population)
Life expectancy: 75 years (men), 80 years (women) (UN)
GNI per capita: US $8,920 (World Bank, 2009)

Mexico is a nation where affluence, poverty, natural splendour and urban blight rub shoulders. Its politics were dominated for 70 years by the Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI. But elections in 1997 saw a resurgent opposition break what was in effect a one-party system with a democratic facade. Elections in 2000 confirmed the trend when Vicente Fox became the first president to come from the opposition. Mexico has the second-largest economy in Latin America and is a major oil producer and exporter. Though production has fallen in the last few years, about one-third of government revenue still comes from the industry. Much of the crude is bought by the US. Rural areas are often neglected and huge shanty towns ring the cities. Many poor Mexicans try to cross the 3,000-km border with the US in search of a job, and more than a million are arrested every year. The Mexican economy is heavily dependent on the money sent home by the millions of migrant workers in the US. Violent crime though remains a major concern; Mexico has one of the highest rates of kidnappings in the world, and some 28,000 people have died in drugs-related violence since 2006. Powerful cartels control the trafficking of drugs from South America to the US, a business that is worth an estimated $13bn (£9bn) a year.

Mexico - Google Directory

Mexico - Wikipedia

Mexico - U.S. State Department

Mexico - Google Images

Mexico - BBC Country Profile

Mexico - Information Please

Mexico - CIA World Factbook

3 - COLOMBIA (Latin America, South America)

Population: 2000/39,773,000 - 2050/62,877,000 (30 nation in 2050 population)
Life expectancy: 70 years (men), 78 years (women) (UN)
GNI per capita: US $4,930 (World Bank, 2009)

Colombia has significant natural resources and its diverse culture reflects the indigenous Indian, Spanish and African origins of its people. But it has also been ravaged by a decades-long violent conflict involving outlawed armed groups, drug cartels and gross violations of human rights. The fourth largest country in South America and one of the continent's most populous nations, Colombia has substantial oil reserves and is a major producer of gold, silver, emeralds, platinum and coal. It also has a highly stratified society where the traditionally rich families of Spanish descent have benefited from this wealth to a far greater degree than the majority, mixed-race population. The US, a key market for Colombian cocaine, has bankrolled the fight against the trade to the tune of billions of dollars. Colombia is one of the most dangerous places in the world for journalists to operate. Media workers face intimidation by drug traffickers, guerrillas and paramilitary groups. More than 120 Colombian journalists were killed in the 1990s, many for reporting on drug trafficking and corruption.

Colombia - Google Directory

Colombia - Wikipedia

Colombia - CIA World Factbook

Colombia - U.S. State Department

Colombia - Google Images

Colombia - Information Please

Colombia - BBC Country Profile

Colombia - Google News

Colombia - World Atlas

Colombia - Country Reports

4 - ARGENTINA G20 (Latin America, South America)

Population: 2000/36,939,000 - 2050/50,943,000 (36 nation in 2050 population)

Argentina stretches 4,000 km from its sub-tropical north to the sub-antarctic south. Its terrain includes part of the Andes mountain range, swamps, the plains of the Pampas and a long coastline. Its people have had to struggle with military dictatorship, a lost war over the Falkland Islands, and severe economic difficulties.

Argentina - Google Directory

Argentina - Wikipedia

Argentina - CIA World Factbook

Argentina - Information Please

Argentina - U.S. State Department

Argentina - Geographia

Argentina - Google Images

Argentina - BBC Country Profiles

Argentina - Answers.com

Argentina - World Atlas

5 - VENEZUELA (Latin America, South America)

Population - 2000/24,408,000 - 2050/42,042,000 (48 nation in 2050 population)

Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana. It is slightly more than twice the size of California

Venezuela - Google Directory

Venezuela - Wikipedia

Venezuela - CIA World Factbook

Venezuela - Information Please

Venezuela - U.S. State Department

Venezuela - Google Images

Venezuela - Geographia

Venezuela - Google News

6 - PERU (Latin America, South America)

Population: 2000/26,004,000 - 2050/39,776,000 (50 nation in 2050 population)

Peru's rich and varied heritage includes the ancient Incan capital of Cuzco and the lost city of Machu Picchu. The country boasts spectacular scenery, including Lake Titicaca, the world's highest navigable lake. It is rich in copper, silver, lead, zinc, oil and gold. Despite this, Peru's progress has been held back by corruption and the failure of successive governments to deal with social and economic inequality.

Peru - Google Directory

Peru - Wikipedia

Peru - U.S. State Department

Peru - Google Images

Peru - CIA World Factbook

Peru - BBC Country Profiles

Peru - Information Please

Peru - Google News

7 - GUATEMALA (Latin America, Central America)

Population: 2000/11,231,000 - 2050/27,480,000 (62 nation in 2050 population)

The nation of Guatemala is one of the most beautiful countries in Central America. It has a natural beauty. Mountainous, heavily forested and dotted with Mayan ruins, lakes, volcanoes, orchids and exotic birds, Its indigenous population, the Maya, make up about half of the population. Mayan languages are spoken alongside Spanish, the official tongue. Many Guatemalans are of mixed Amerindian-Hispanic origin.

Guatemala - Google Directory

Guatemala - Wikipedia

Guatemala - U.S. State Department

Guatemala - Google Images

Guatemala - BBC Country Profile

Guatemala = Information Please

Guatemala = World Atlas

Guatemala - Google News

8 - CHILE (Latin America, South America)

Population: 2000/15,419,000 - 2050/20,657,000 (72 nation in 2050 population)

Chile is slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana. Chile is one of South America's most stable and prosperous nations. It has been relatively free of the coups and arbitrary governments that have blighted the continent.The exception was the 17-year rule of General Augusto Pinochet, whose 1973 coup was one of the bloodiest in 20th-century Latin America and whose dictatorship left more than 3,000 people dead and missing.

Chile - Google Directory

Chile - Wikipedia

Chile - BBC Country Profile

Chile - Google News

Chile - BBC Country Profile

Chile - Google Images

Chile - Information Please

Chile - World Health Organization

9 - ECUADOR (Latin America, South America)

Population: 2000/12,310,000 - 2050/17,989,000 (73 nation in 2050 population)

Ecuador is a patchwork of indigenous communities, including people of colonial Spanish origins and the descendants of African slaves. Its capital, Quito, once a part of the Inca empire, has some of the best-preserved early colonial architecture on the continent. Traditionally a farming country, Ecuador's economy was transformed after the 1960s by the growth of industry and the discovery of oil. There was rapid growth and progress in health, education and housing.

Ecuador - Google Directory

Ecuador - Wikipedia

Ecuador - U.S. State Department

Ecuador - CIA World Factbook

Ecudaor - Google Images

Ecuador - Information Please

Ecuador - BBC Country Profile

Ecuador - Google News

10 - BOLIVIA (Latin America, South America)

Population: 2000/8,317,000 - 2050/14,908,000 (78 nation in 2050 population)

A country of statistical extremes, landlocked Bolivia is the highest and most isolated country in South America. It has the largest proportion of indigenous people, who make up around two-thirds of the population. Though rich in mineral and energy resources, Bolivia is one of South America's poorest countries. Wealthy urban elites, who are mostly of Spanish ancestry, have traditionally dominated political and economic life, whereas most Bolivians are low-income subsistence farmers, miners, small traders or artisans.The country has the second-largest reserves of natural gas in South America, but there have been long-running tensions over the exploitation and export of the resource.

Bolivia - Google Directory

Bolivia - Wikipedia

Bolivia - CIA World Factbook

Bolivia - Information Please

Bolivia - U.S. State Department

Bolivia - BBC Country Profile

Bolivia - World Atlas

Bolivia - Google News

11 - HONDURAS (Latin America, Central America)

Population: 2000/6,230,000 - 2050/12,402,000 (85 nation in 2050 population)

Military rule, corruption, a huge wealth gap, crime and natural disasters have rendered Honduras one of the least developed and least secure countries in Central America. Until the mid-1980s Honduras was dominated by the military, which enthusiastically supported US efforts to stem revolutionary movements in the region. Since then, civilian leaders have sought to curb the power of the military - with varying degrees of success. Some army officers have been charged with human rights abuses, but many have still to be prosecuted for violations committed in the 1980s. Honduran society is rife with economic inequality. Malnutrition, poor housing and infant diseases are widespread. The country has a youthful population; 50% of Hondurans are under the age of 19. But endemic poverty, chronic unemployment and the prospects offered by drug trafficking have contributed to a virulent crime wave conducted mainly by youth gangs known as "maras".

Honduras - Google Directory

Honduras - Wikipedia

Honduras - U.S. State Department

Honduras - Google Images

Honduras - BBC Country Profile

Honduras - Information Please

Honduras - World Health Organization

Honduras - Nations Online

12 - PARAGUAY (Latin America, South America)

Population: 2000/5,350,000 - 2050/9,867,000 (98 nation in 2050 population)

Landlocked Paraguay, one of South America's least densely populated countries, experienced more than three decades of dictatorship under Alfredo Stroessner, who was ousted in 1989 and died in exile in 2006. The end of his iron-fisted rule did not bring political stability. Factional splits led to the assassination of a vice-president, the resignation of a president and an attempted coup. Stroessner's party, the National Republican Association-Colorado Party, survived his departure and remained in power until 2008. In elections in April it was defeated by the centre-left Patriotic Alliance for Change led by Fernando Lugo. Up to 95% of Paraguayans are mestizos, people of mixed Spanish and native American descent. Many speak the language of the indigenous Guarani; the rest are bilingual or only speak Spanish.

Paraguay - Google Directory

Paraguay - Wikipedia

Paraguay - U.S. State Department

Paraguay - CIA World Factbook

Paraguay - Information Please

Paraguay - Google Images

Paraguay - World Atlas

Paraguay - BBC Country Profile

13 - NICARAGUA (Latin America, Central America)

Population: 2000/5,101,000 - 2050/8,143,000 (109 nation in 2050 population).

Nicaragua is the largest physical nation in Central America. Approximately 70% of the population is under the age of 30 years. Never rich in the first place, Nicaragua is striving to overcome the after effects of dictatorship, civil war and natural calamities, which have made it one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere. Nicaragua has traditionally relied on agricultural exports to sustain its economy. But these benefited mainly a few elite families of Spanish descent, primarily the Somoza family, which ruled the country with US backing between 1937 and the Sandinista revolution in 1979.

Appoximately 97% of Nicaragua's population is self-confessing Christian (2010). 69% identify as Roman Catholic (4.04 million) Nicaragua has experienced significant Evangelical Christian growth over the last firty years (1.79 millon), and Evangelicals have a 6% annual growth rate. A high perentage of Evangelicals are Charismatic. The grow of Evangelical can be significant in the future if there is an awakening among the youth of the country, and Christians are engaged in mercy ministries among the poor. Approximately 70% of the population of Nicaragua is under the age of 30 years.

Nicaragua - Google Directory

Nicaragua - Wikipedia

Nicaragua - Google Images

Nicaragua - U.S. State Department

Nicaragua - BBC Country Profiles

Nicaragua - Information Please

Nicaragua - World Atlas

Nicaragua - Google News

Nicaragua - World Health Organization

Nicaragua - National Geographic

Council of Protestant Churches in Nicaragua

Latin America Evangelical Fellowship

14 - EL SALVADOR (Latin America, Central America)

Population - 2000/5,945,000 - 2050/7,882,000 (110 nation in 2050 population)

El Salvador, which is Spanish for "the saviour" - or Jesus Christ - has been wracked by civil war and a succession of natural disasters. The tiny country is the most densely-populated state on the mainland of the Americas and is highly industrialised. But social inequality and a susceptibility to earthquakes have shaped much of modern El Salvador.

El Salvador - Google Directory

El Salvador - Wikipedia

El Salvador - CIA World Factbook

El Salvador - Google Images

El Salvador - U.S. State Department

El Salvador - Information Please

El Salvador - World Atlas

El Salvador - BBC Country Profile

El Salvador - Google News

15 - COSTA RICA (Latin America, Central America)

Population: 2000/3,931,000 - 2050/6,373,000 (116 nation in 2050 population)

For decades Costa Rica has stood out for its stability and has benefited from the most developed welfare system in the region. It has no standing army, and its citizens enjoy one of the highest life expectancy levels in the Western hemisphere and better living standards than their war-torn neighbours.

Costa Rica - Google Directory

Costa Rica - Wikipekia

Costa Rica - Google Images

Costa Rica - U.S. State Department

Costa Rica - Google News

Costa Rica - BBC Country Profile

Costa Rica - CIA World Factbook

Costa Rica - World Health Organization

16 - PANAMA (Latin America, Central America)

Population: 2000/2,951,000 - 2050/5,092,000 (126 nation in 2050 population)

Lying at the crossroads of the North and South American continents and the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, Panama is of immense strategic importance. This has made it a target for intervention by the US, which in 1989 invaded Panama to depose a former ally, Manuel Noriega, and until 1999 controlled the Panama Canal. Panama has the largest rainforest in the Western Hemisphere outside the Amazon Basin and its jungle is home to an abundance of tropical plants, animals and birds - some of them to be found nowhere else in the world.

Panama - Google Directory

Panama - Wikipedia

Panama - Google Images

Panama - U.S. State Department

Panama - BBC Country Profile

Panama - Information Please

Panama - Google News

Panama - World Health Organization

17 - URUGUAY (Latin Amrica, South America)

Population: 2000/3,321,000 -  2050/3,637,000 (132 nation in 2050 population)

Uruguay has traditionally been better off than many other countries in South America, and is known for its advanced education and social security systems and liberal laws governing social issues such as divorce. It was among the first nations in Latin America to establish a welfare state, maintained through relatively high taxes on industry. The system, which had increasingly strained state finances, was reformed in the 1990s.

Uruguay - Google Directory

Uruguay - Wikipedia

Uruguay - U.S. State Department

Uruguay - CIA World Factbook

Uruguay - Information Please

Uruguay - Google Images

Uruguay - BBC Country Profile

Uruguay - Google News

Uruguay - World Atlas

19 - GUYANA  (Latin America, South America)

Population: 2000/756,000 - 2050/558,000 (169 nation in 2050 population)

Guyana boasts a remarkably rich ecology, but also has one of South America's poorest economies. Tropical rainforests - filled with distinctive plants and trees, teeming with exotic birds, insects and mammals - are a big draw for eco-tourists. But political troubles, ethnic tension and economic mismanagement have left the former British colony with serious economic problems. The only English-speaking country in South America, Guyana became independent in 1966.

Guyana - Google Directory

Guyana - Wikipedia

Guyana - CIA World Factbook

Guyana - Google Images

Guyana - Geographia

Guyana - Information Please

Guyana - U.S. State Department

Guyana - World Atlas

Guyana - BBC World Factbook

20 - BELIZE (Latin America, Central America)

Population: 2000/252,000 - 2050/506,000 (170 nation in 2050 population)

Belize has more in common with the Caribbean island-states than with its Central American neighbours. This is reflected in its major languages, English and Creole, and in its mainly Anglo-Caribbean architecture and its relatively peaceful political culture.

Belize - Google Directory

Belize - Wikipedia

Belize - Google Images

Belize - CIA World Factbook

Belize - U.S. State Department

Belize - BBC Country Profile

Belize - Information Please

Belize - World Health Organization


LATIN AMERICA DEPENDENCIES AND TERRITORIES

French Guiana - France





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